Know your skincare ABCs (and DEs)

Know your skincare ABCs (and DEs)

Still scratching your head about antioxidants? How about BB creams, CC creams, dark spot correctors and the best eye creams?


A is for... antioxidants

Antioxidants aren’t new– the beauty industry has been touting their benefits for years. But they are bignews because scientists are constantly discovering more benefits from these trusty skin savers. To understand antioxidants, you need to understand free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules (unstable because they’re missing an electron) that are produced as part of your body’s normal processes. They’re a natural side effect of oxidation – a chemical reaction that occurs when certain cells are exposed to oxygen.

Think of a sliced apple that turns brown when exposed to the air for a while.

Not all free radicals are caused by oxidation, though. Some are caused by toxins, cigarette smoke, pollution, overexposure to sunlight and processed or fried foods, and these are the ones to worry about. When an excess of free radicals is produced, it can damage your body’s cells, and even your DNA, which could lead to all sorts of health problems. Skin-wise, you’re looking at damaged collagen, age spots, wrinkles and sagging. In short, premature ageing.

Healthy living is your best bet for staving off free radical damage, but many skincare products offer topical antioxidant protection that can help your skin recover from, and avoid, cellular free radical damage. They also have an anti-inflammatory effect which is beneficial for rosacea and even skin cancer. Remember, there isn’t just one miracle antioxidant cream. They work best together, so look out for these ingredients: idebenone, retinol, Q-10, glycolic acid, vitamins C&E and phloetin.

Choose the right BBcream for your skincare concerns and skin tone.

B is for BB cream...

This is supposed to be the Swiss army knife of skincare, marketed as the ultimate beauty product everywoman should own. The ‘BB’ stands for ‘Beauty Balm’ or ‘Blemish Balm’, and you’ll encounter a lot of claims that it can potentially replace your moisturizer, serum, primer, foundation and sunscreen. Talk about a time-saver!

However, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. As beauty writer Janna Mandell put it: youshould be wary of drinking the BB cream Kool-aid. Much of what you hear about BB cream is marketing hype – there is no real difference between them and fancy tinted moisturizers, but they do have active ingredients and SPF thrown in too, which is great.

Concerns have been raised about replacing all the above-mentioned products with BB cream. First up, sunscreen: since BB cream is tinted, you may use less than you would ordinarily when applying plain sunscreen, which means you might not be adequately protected. Also, you shouldn’t replace your serum with BB cream, as there’s only so much that can be packed into a product, so it is unlikely your BB cream will match the dose of active ingredients provided by a serum.

There are, however, some particularly good BB creams on the market and in many cases

They do provide more radiant, natural coverage than many foundations – particularly those that are mineral-based. And if they contain antioxidants and ingredients that targetdryness, acne, ageing and skin sensitivity, so much the better. BB cream could perhaps change your life, as the hype suggests, but don’t get rid of all your other skincare products just yet. It is important to choose the right BB cream for your skincare concerns and skin tone..

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C is for CC creams

We know, we know...Just as you were getting your head around BB creams, along come

CC creams. And to add to the confusion, the difference is very subtle. While BB creams are basically tinted moisturizer with a bunch of great skincare benefits, CC (‘Color Corrector’ or ‘Color Control’) creams, as the name suggests, focus on color correction.

They address redness, sallowness and irregularity in skin tone and texture, usually with light diffusing particles, and may also contain collagen boosting peptides, revitalizing vitamins, SPF and so on.

Basically, CC cream is the same as BB cream, but with more of a focus on correcting complexion issues. The range of colors for CC creams are also more extensive than the general light/medium/dark selection that BB creams come in.

If your skin is prone to being red and/or dull, a CC cream will probably suit you better than a BB cream. We recommend a trusted brand like Olay Total Effects Pore Minimizing CC Cream for those who want to try something light yet effective on their faces. It all depends on your skincare requirements (again, you’ll have to sample a few at your local beauty counter and choose the right one for your skincare concerns).

D is for... dark spots

Hyperpigmentation. Go on, say it five times – quickly. It’s a posh word for what we call sun spots, those unattractive brown marks that most of us get as we age, also charmingly referred to as ‘liver spots’.

There are various causes of dark spots – sun exposure (the most common), acne, skin injuries, pregnancy and certain medication – but basically what happens is melanin (a pigment produced by our skin) is overproduced because of the skin’s immune reaction to trauma and inflammation, and this creates darkened areas on the skin’s surface.

There are some excellent products out there that will dramatically reduce dark spots, but it’s important to keep in mind that these products generally work over a long period of time (about eight weeks) and need to be applied diligently everyday. Spot correctors come in various incarnations, from creams to serums to masks, so there are options a-plenty. It’s also imperative that you wear sunscreen, or else your dark spots are likely to multiply. Again, try Olay Total Effects Pore Minimizing CC Cream as this works for multiple purposes and can prevent eyes from further damage.

E is for... eyes

Eyes are the first to show signs of ageing, which is why looking after this delicate skin is a priority. So which eye cream is right for you, and do you even need one? If your skin isn’t sensitive and you use a good serum and anti-ageing moisturizer that don’t irritate the skin around your eyes, probably not. But if you have sensitive or oily skin, a dedicated eye cream might work better for you.



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It's good to know these antioxidant ingredients. It also reminds me to take care of the eye area, that I neglect most of the time. :)

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This tips and new knowledge help me more be aware of things that i want

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